There are six distinct regions of Alaska: Southeast, South Central, Southwest, West, Interior, and Arctic. Anchorage, the capital city, is located in South Central Alaska, directly bordering the Knik Arm and the Turnagain Arm. These bodies of water are part of the Cook Inlet, which empties into the Gulf of Alaska. Another body of water located near Anchorage is the Price William Sound, which is just Southeast of the city. Anchorage is located Northeast of the Alaska Peninsula and Kodiak Island.
According to City Data, the 11 highest mountains in the US are located in the Alaska Range, including the highest in North America, Mt. McKinley (20,320 ft/6,198 m) being due North of Anchorage. The state also contains half of the world’s glaciers, including the largest, Malaspina. In comparison, Malaspina, as well as Anchorage, cover more area than the entire state of Rhode Island. The city is situated on land that leads up to the Chugach Mountains.
Municipality of Anchorage states “the municipality has a total area of 1,961.1 square miles (5,079.2 km²), of which 1,697.2 square miles (4,395.8 km²) is land and 263.9 square miles (683.4 km²) is water. The total area is 13.46% water.”
The Southeast region features numerous mountain peaks of 10,000 ft (3,000 m) in elevation, according to Britannica. Western Alaska is immense tundra with numerous lakes, and includes the Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge. Interior Alaska extends north of the Alaska Range, containing most of the drainage from the Yukon. The Arctic region is approximately the Northern half of the state, which leads further North to the Arctic Ocean. This region speaks for itself as it contains the fitting “Gates of the Arctic National Park.” Ice fields cover 4% of the state.
Alaska has more than three million lakes larger than 20 acres, while more than one-fourth of all the inland water wholly within the US lies inside the state’s borders. On March 27, 1964, the most powerful earthquake recorded in the United States, struck the Anchorage region, measuring 8.5 on the Richter scale. This resulted in 114 deaths and over $500 million in property damage. The Longitude/Latitude of Anchorage is: (61.218056, -149.900278).
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